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It was most probably related to a hydrographical term, coined by an ancient Mediterranean people and their Pre-Indo-European language.They transmitted it to later settlers, the Liburnians.During the French rule, the first newspaper in the Croatian language, Il Regio Dalmata – Kraglski Dalmatin, was published in Zadar (1806–1810).During the 19th century, Zadar was a center of the Croatian movement for cultural and national revival.The area of present-day Zadar traces its earliest evidence of human life from the late Stone Age, while numerous settlements have been dated as early as the Neolithic.Before the Illyrians, the area was inhabited by an ancient Mediterranean people of a pre-Indo-European culture.Zara was later used by the Austrian Empire in the 19th century, but it was provisionally changed to Zadar/Zara from 1910 to 1920; from 1920 the city became part of Italy as Zara, and finally was named Zadar in 1947.
The city proper covers 25 km (9.7 sq mi) with a population of 75,082 in 2011, making it the fifth-largest city in the nation.
It was during the Roman rule that Zadar acquired the characteristics of a traditional Ancient Roman city with a regular road network, a public square (forum), and an elevated capitolium with a temple.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and the destruction of Salona by the Avars and Croats in 614, Zadar became the capital of the Byzantine theme of Dalmatia.
Zadar traces its origin to its 9th-century BC founding as a settlement of the Illyrian tribe of Liburnians known as Iader.
In 59 BC it was renamed Iadera when it became a Roman municipium, and in 48 BC, a Roman colonia.
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The accent was on the first syllable in both Iader and Iadera forms, which influenced the early-Medieval Dalmatian language forms Jadra, Jadera and Jadertina, where the accent kept its original place.